- General and History
- Distribution in the past and today
- Non-Governmental organisations
DescriptionIt is a medium-sized early-maturing brown sheep in the light type of White Mountain. The head is narrow, with Roman profile and polled with long and broad lop ears. It has strong legs with tight ankles and hard claws. Hind legs have a slight ankle. The wool has a regular cognac to dark-brown colour and is slightly frizzy.
General and HistoryBrown Mountain descend from White Mountain, which has its origins in the breed Bergamasca. Amongst animals of this breed, brown and black animals occurred that were summed up to an own breed. Foundation of the herdbook 1996.
Distribution in the past and todayApprox. 4% of all Austrian sheep is Brown Mountain. It is mainly kept in Austria’s mountain regions. In former times, it was widely spread in the whole Alpine region, today, it is found in Tyrol, Salzburg, Styra and Lower Austria.
UtilizationThe breed is used for landscape management and meat and wool production in the Alpine region.
Brown Mountain is well adapted to rough high-mountain conditions; is can safely move in difficult move in difficult terrain and climb well. The breed copes very well with high precipitation and has well-developed maternal instincts. Very fertile. Best suited for commercial crossbreds with muttons males.
PerformanceWithers height: ca. 80cm (m), ca. 70cm (w)
Body weight: 75-100kg (m), 55-70kg (w)
Fleece weight: 4- 5,5kg (m), 3,5-5kg (w)
Lambing percentage: 211%
LiteratureGrasegger, J. (1994): Das Braune Bergschaf. Der Bayerische Schafhalter, 34 - 37
Schafrassen in den Alpen, Antja Feldmann, Ursula Bietzker, Dr. Christian Mendel, Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen e.V. - GEH
Non-Governmental organisationsArche Austria, Spartenbetreuer, Max Stern, Finkenbergweg 51, A-6020 Innsbruck, +43 (0)664 1613315, firstname.lastname@example.org
Landesschafzuchtverband Tirol, Brixner Straße 1, A-6021 Innsbruck, Tel. +43(0)059292 1860, email@example.com
Salzburger Landesverband für Schafe und Ziegen, Schwarzstraße 19, A-5024 Salzburg, +43 (0)662 870571 257, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://alpinetgheep.com/1068.html, Rassesprecher, Gruber Gottfried, A-5630 Bad Hofgastein, Tel: +43(0)664/3171472