- General and History
- Distribution in the past and today
- Processing and products
- Governmental organisations
DescriptionGaressina is a breed of medium size with an average ram weight of 50 to 55kg. Rams and ewes animals are hornless. The head is short and delicate; rams have a more pronounced Roman nose than female animals. Ears are of medium length and stick out backwards. The wool is straw coloured white, of medium length, half-closed and relatively fine.
General and HistoryThe breed Garessina belongs to the group of lops Eared Alpine sheep. The breed originated through crossbreeding original sheep from the Appennine with Merino and French Alpine sheep.
Distribution in the past and todayMain area of distribution is in Piedmont and Liguria in Cueno and Savona Provinces in the valley of Tanaro, Negrone and Casotto.
UtilizationThe breed was mainly used for mutton production. In former times, approx. 90% of the incomes were generated through mat and 10% trough the wool sale. Garessina were sometimes also kept for milk production.
KeepingTraditionally, the sheep were kept in the mountains in small herds during summer and close to the stable in the valley during winter. The breed is excellently adapted of difficult climatic conditions.
PerformanceMilk yield of the ewes is approx. 220kg.
Body weight: 50-55kg (m), 45-50kg (w)
Withers height: 60-65cm (m), 55-60cm (w)
Fleece weight: 2.5kg (m), 2kg (w)
Lambing percentage: 120-150%
Processing and productsCheese "Tomette"
LiteratureSchafrassen der Alpen, Antje Feldmann, Ursula Bietzker, Dr. Christian Mendel, Herausgeber: Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und gefährdeter Haustierrassen e.V. - GEH, Deutschland, Sept. 2005
Günter Jaritz: Seltene Nutztiere der Alpen, 7000 Jahre geprägte Kulturlandschaft, Verlag Anton Pustet, 2014
Governmental organisationsASSONAPA, Viale Palmiro Togliatti, 1587 I-00155 Roma
APA Cuneo, Via Torre Roa Fraz. Madonna dell'Olmo, I-12020 Cuneo